The Insula Sacra on the House of Peter

The house of St. Peter, often mentioned by the Synoptic Gospels in relation to the activity of Jesus in Capharnaum, and recorded later on by pilgrims, was rediscovered in 1968 under the foundations of the octagonal church some 30 m south of the synagogue.
The history of that house where Jesus lived, can be summarised as follows:

  1. the house was built in the Late Hellenistic period;
  2. in the late first century A.D. it was changed into a "domus-ecclesia", i. e. became a house for religious gatherings;

    More Information: Peter’s house

  3. in the fourth century A.D. the same "domus-ecclesia" was enlarged and was set apart from the rest of the town through an imposing enclosure wall;

    More Information: Domus ecclesiae

  4. in the second half of the fifth century A.D. an octagonal church was built upon the house of St. Peter and remained in use until the seventh century A.D.;

    More Information: The octagonal church

  5. the identification of the house of St. Peter is based on the combination of archaeological data and literary sources which run side by side in a wonderful way.