The Insula Sacra on the Peter’s House
One area in particular in the village of Capernaum has been the object of numerous interventions over the years: the insula sacra (“holy island”), which was given this name because it contains the venerated room used by the first followers of Jesus, who commemorated the presence of the Master and his teachings in the house of Simon Peter. That same venerated room, which became a pilgrimage destination for the early Christians, was reconstructed in the form of a domus ecclesiae and, later, in the form of an octagonal church.
It was in Simon Peter’s house that Jesus established his residence, the “headquarters” and outreach center for his ministry in Galilee. It was in this house that Jesus lived, healed, taught and instructed his disciples (Mark 3:20; Mark 4:10-11; Mark 3:31-35).
The different transformations have made it difficult to distinguish the oldest elements of the house. The excavations have brought to light the network of walls that formed the principal living spaces of the house, and a succession of different paved floors indicating a prolonged period of uninterrupted use beginning in the Hellenistic period. The excavations carried out in other residential areas have also facilitated a better understanding of the remains that have been found, and a reconstructive hypothesis has been put forward starting from the first attestations of veneration.
Capharnaum: History Animation
3D Reconstruction - Virtual Archaeology:
Luciano Pugliese & Antonio Leopardi
with the scientific contribution of p. Stanislao Loffreda OFM
and p. Eugenio Alliata OFM for the Custody of the Holy Land.