Epifanio da Salamina (315-404 AD)

Epiphanius of Salamis

Panarion adversus omnes haereses

Epiphanius of Salamis, an ascetic monk and a native of Judea, according to St. Hilarion underwent his spiritual education in the desert regions of Palestine. Following this period of his life, in 367 he was elected Bishop of Constance, the Metropolitan See of Cyprus, where he was a figure of great authority. In his treatise Panarion adversus omnes haereses he described the cities in which Jesus lived, and among these he cited the city of Capernaum:

“The Good emperor (Constantine) made (Joseph) Count, adding that he should ask for whatever he wanted. And he in fact could ask for no other thing than this greatest favor from the emperor, to be permitted by imperial edict to erect churches to Christ in the towns and villages of Judea. There, in fact, no one had ever been able to build churches, because no Greeks, Samaritans nor Christians were to be found in their midst. This rule of no having people of any other race among them is observed especially at Tiberias, at Diocaesarea (also known as Sepphoris), at Nazareth and at Capernaum. ... At Tiberias he only built a small church in the Hadrianeum, but in Diocaesarea and in several other towns he was able to complete his buildings.”

Epifanio di Salamina, Panarion, Eresia 30 “Ebioniti” (PG 41, 424)